Many athletes with a diagnosis of “sports hernia” or “athletic pubalgia” have a spectrum of related pathologic conditions resulting from. Athletes such as long-distance runners, soccer players, football players, lacrosse players, and wrestlers may hear the term “sports hernia” used to describe any. Athletic pubalgia, also called sports hernia, hockey hernia, hockey groin, Gilmore’s Groin, or groin disruption is a medical condition of the pubic joint affecting.

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J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. It often happens in sports that require running, twisting, or kicking including soccer, hockey, rugby, and football. By using this site, you agree to the Pubxlgia of Use and Privacy Policy. Support Center Support Center. Athletic pubalgia sports hernia.

Taking time off from offending athletic activities can lead to resolution of symptoms, but these frequently recur with resumption of sports. Sports medicine Injuries of abdomen, lower back, lumbar spine and pelvis. It is a syndrome characterized by chronic groin pain in spotrs and a dilated superficial ring of the inguinal canal.

Shoulder and upper arm Rotator cuff tear. Hhernia from the original PDF on Hip and Groin[ Back ]. When the adductor muscles are tight post injury, that can be enough to trigger symptoms. Br J Sports Med.

Operative Techniques in Sports Medicine. Clin J Sport Med.

Athletic pubalgia (sports hernia).

A resisted sit-up or crunch with palpation of the inferolateral edge of the distal rectus abdominus may re-create symptoms. Head and neck Dislocation of jaw Whiplash. A careful history, physical examination, heria imaging are needed for an accurate diagnosis. Football and ice hockey players are affected most frequently, and both recreational and professional athletes may be affected. With reports of associated intra- and extra-articular hip pathology in athletes, it is imperative to evaluate the hip joint.


Treatment Initial treatment usually includes avoiding painful activities and specific strength and flexibility hrrnia. As pain in the groin and pelvis can be referred from a number of problems, including injuries to the lumbar spine, the hip joint, the sacro-iliac joint, the abdomen, and the genito-urinary system, diagnosis of athletic pubalgia requires skillful differentiation and pubic examination in certain cases where there is intense groin pain.

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Athletic pubalgia

It has been given many names in the past, such as sportsman hernia and hockey groin. When contemplating options, a period of non-surgical treatment should be initially attempted. Muschaweck U, Berger L. In higher level athletes, however, management of both disorders surgically, in a staged or concurrent manner, may allow for a pjbalgia predictable return to sports with less time lost from athletics secondary to persistent symptoms and increased rehabilitation time.

After a period of rest, a gradual pain-free progression to sports may be possible. Fibers from the rectus abdominus, conjoint tendon a fusion of the internal oblique and transversus abdominusand external oblique merge to form the pubic aponeurosis. Sports hernia in National Hockey League players: Athletic pubalgiaalso called sports hernia[1] hockey hernia[2] hockey groin[1] Gilmore’s S;orts[1] or groin disruption [3] is a medical condition of the pubic joint affecting athletes.

Sports Hernia/Athletic Pubalgia

Soorts, there are issues unique to the athlete regarding timing, sports seasons, and level of athlete that are worth mentioning. Hip and Groin. Several of these lesions may occur simultaneously. When nonoperative measures fail. With combined FAI and athletic pubalgia surgery, they all returned to professional competition. The exact incidence of these entities is unknown: No long-term follow-up was reported. Lower abdominal, adductor, and symphyseal pain to palpation is common in athletes; therefore, it is critical to determine if the pain is consistent with their symptoms.


Also, many athletes have concomitant weakness or tearing of the adductor muscles or labral tears of the pubalgla. References Caudill P, et al. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. X-rays may show abnormalities in the hip or pubic joint. The pain is activity-related and generally resolves with rest. The majority of AMSSM members are primary care physicians with fellowship training and added qualification in sports medicine who then combine their practice of sports medicine with their primary specialty.

Physical therapy should be instituted focusing on core stabilization, postural hrnia, and normalization of the dynamic relationship of the hip and pelvis muscles.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg. Adductor and psoas-related pain can be identified with pubic cleft and psoas bursal injections, respectively. Clin Orthop Relat Res. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Views Read Edit Sporta history. Although nonsurgical treatment should initially be attempted, there are limited data evaluating the efficacy of such treatment.

Clinical Presentation History Although the presentation can be variable, athletes typically complain of gradually increasing activity-related lower abdominal and proximal adductor—related pain. Ice hockey, soccer, Australian rules football, and rugby have a particularly high incidence herina groin-related injuries.

In addition, core strengthening and not playing through pain is important.