Before You Read. “The Man to Send Rain Clouds” by Leslie Marmon Silko. Born About Silko. “I was fortunate to be reared by my great-grandmother and. Silko, Leslie Marmon. Genre. Short Story. Overview. Published in , “The Man to Send Rain Clouds” depicts the story of an old man who is found dead in a. Leon: Grandson of Teofilo, brother-in-law of Ken, round character; Ken: Grandson of Teofilo, brother-in-law of Leon, flat character; Father Paul.

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After wandering further, first southward from the lake at Laguna and then northward back to the lake, they settled Punyana, probably in the late s. According to Parsons, this group led the Americanization faction which was opposed by the pueblo hierarchy. The silmo removed their altars and sacred objects from Laguna and moved to Mesita; aroundpart of this group resettled in Isleta. Irony is a couds device used to convey meaning to a phrase quite different than—in fact, often.

One illustration of this is the following passage: Last Rites and a Mass, but in the end he reluctantly comes along, and when the besprinkled body is lowered, Leon is happy: She attended law school for a short time, but, disillusioned with the legal system, she left school after three semesters, having decided to seek justice for her people through dend power of her imagination and stories.

The encounter between the young priest, who is denied the opportunity to perform Catholic rites, and Leon, mxrmon insists that such rites are not necessary, is humorous. The spirit returns to its source and returns bringing rain clouds to the community, staving off drought. In the late s there was an interest in indigenous cultures in America. The importance of ritual in Pueblo Indian life is emphasized at the beginning of the story when Leon and Ken, after finding old Teofilo dead, immediately observe the first stages of the funeral rites.

Leon continues to follow the Pueblo rites and persuades the Father Paul to participate in them, as well. But there he was, facing into a cold dry wind and squinting at the last sunlight, ready to bury a red wool blanket while the faces of his parishioners were cloids shadow with the last warmth of the sun on their backs.


Teofilo is perhaps the most important character in the story, since the plot concerns the conflict that arises after his death between American Indian ways and Christian ways.

Walter, appointed government teacher inmarried the daughter of the chief of the Kurena-Shikani medicine men. The people mistrust this greatly, but only this growth keeps the ceremonies strong. Ironically, the young priest is trapped by the Indians into taking part in their ceremony.

The Man to Send Rain Clouds by Briana Jordan on Prezi

As the story opens, Leon and his brother-in-law, Ken, find an old man, Teofilo, dead under a cottonwood tree. Although her part is minor, it is her suggestion that triggers the culture clash in the story.

But in view of these parallel developments, American Indian women have shown little interest in the feminist movement, and conversely mainstream feminist scholarship has paid strikingly little attention to the writing of American Indian women.

Some critics believe that this story may become raain of the classics of American literature.

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But after the white people came, elements in this world began to shift; and it became necessary to create new ceremonies. Later at home, the funeral is performed with clanspeople and old men with medicine bags attending. An identity was being made or evolved in the stories the Lagunas told about these people who had gone outside Laguna, but at the same time of the outsiders who had come in.

But then after World War One it changed. Although the reservation Indians are Catholic, they retain pagan rituals and customs. For more than 12, years the Pueblo had lived in the region and traditional religious beliefs permeated every aspect of life. Time in its historical dimension is unimportant as it is an endlessly repeating cycle in which man is but a minute part of the cycle. Around andGeorge H.

The Man to Send Rain Clouds

The tribe occupied the site of what is now called Laguna by the early s. According to their origin legends, the Laguna tribe in existence since at leastcame southward from the Mesa Verde region.


I have made changes in the rituals. When a demand arose later for the revival of the dances, Zuni influences were introduced into Laguna rituals.

On their way home, Leon and Ken encounter Father Paul, a young Catholic priest who expresses his sorrow that the old man had died alone. When Ken and Leon in their pickup come looking for old Teofilo, they already have with them what is needed to perform the preliminaries for a traditional burial, such as painting his face.

The sun was approaching the long mesa where it disappeared during the winter.

To be sure, she does want us to see that these are Laguna rituals and attitudes. The dialogues between Leon and Father Paul, and between Leon and Louise, present the characters to the readers directly, thus enabling readers to draw their own conclusions as to the characters respective natures and motivations.

Even when Christianity was introduced, it was incorporated into older Pueblo rites. He adhered to both the new and old ways: People in the main part of the village were our clanspeople because the clan system was still maintained although not in the same form it would have been if we were full blood.

The pressure on Pueblo Indians to practice Catholicism is introduced when Father Paul stops Leon and Ken on their way home to ask about Teofilo and to urge them all to come to church.

Silko skillfully and humorously characterizes the conflict between the frustrated priest, who is denied the opportunity to provide the last rites and funeral mass, and Leon, who doggedly insists that these are not necessary: Through this story, Silko emphasizes that the continuing strength of Pueblo traditions lies in the ability of the people to incorporate alien elements for their own purposes.

Mafmon Espejo, who commanded an expedition to New Mexico invisited the area in